The sole purpose of darling extractors as the name implies, is to remove honey from the combs without damaging or wrecking the honey combs as they be reused. These people are mechanical devices used for honey extraction right after the honey has already been harvested.
They have a drum where the honey comb is put and then this drum spins at such high speeds that the honey flings away of the combs leaving the comb without honey while remains intact inside the extraction chamber. Inside a nutshell centrifugal pressure is applied for the effective use of this device.
Before the darling is located in the extraction chamber for extraction it must be uncapped first, there are numerous tools which you can use for uncapping the tissues, and all of these can be bought from most beekeeping equipment suppliers. You can either use manual uncapping cutlery or forks sometimes beekeepers prefer to use power knives to uncap the combs.
All the taken out honey collects at the bottom of the removal chamber and most extractors have a tap at the bottom, in which that is the accumulated can be drained away or honey pumps can be used to remove honey from the extraction step.
There are various types of honey extractors available with regards to the use and amount of combs you could plan to extract honey from. These include the tangential and radial extractors and they differ about how the frames are put in the extractor's basket. Inside the redial extractor the frames are usually put with the top dealing with outwards and compared to the tangential extractors only the one side of the frames faces outwards & redial types are commonly used in commercial honey extraction.
Redial types require less amount of work compared to tangential extractors, because the sweetie combs don't need to be turned over to extract all of the honey in the spines. Honey extractors come in various sizes with respect to the designed use, for professional bigger extractors are being used because can hold hundreds of frames previously allowing for gallons of honey to be extracted. But someone starting out in beekeeping can look to use a tiny size extractor that holds about three to four frames at a time.
A good small scale extractor can cost a couple 100 bucks, but if you don't have the budget yet, you can still make your own and there are great ideas available for you on the net which you can explore. I wouldn't worry too much about the price tag on an extractor as they are reasonable priced by most beekeeping supplies.
Once the extraction process is complete, you want to ensure that your honey is free of fragments from dead bees like hip and legs, wings and other things. The best way to go about this is to filter your honey using at minimum a 400 or six-hundred micron filter, they can be reasonably bought for ten dollars or less and most filters have adjustable heads that can fit most bucket dimensions up to a five gallon bucket. These filtration systems can be washed and sterilised plus they are re-usable.